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CANTABRIAN SEA
                                                   NortHERN SPAIN

The Cantabrian Sea is situated at the southern edge of the Bay of Biscay. Between the European countries Spain and France. The northern coast of the Iberian Peninsula is rectilineal and there are many rocky cliffs.

Here, the seabed has a very high biodiversity which is favoured by the nutrient-rich ocean currents.

Pay attention to its narrow continental shelf in which towering canyons such as Lastres or Cap Breton descend into the abyssal plains. The water here comes from the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS

The Cantabrian is a rough sea which has various kinds of problems like many other seas. Fortunately, the open nature and the renewal of its water help, so does the improved performance of water treatment (sanitation schemes or quality control of wastewater).

However, it is directly affected by over-fishing and it is unsustainable in the medium to long term. Also by the important maritime traffic or the modification of the marine dynamics by Dragados, construction of coastal infrastructure, etc.. The elimination of major predators in the food chain is becoming more noticiable.

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TIDES

The tides are semidiurnal   (2 high tides and 2 low tides per day). The oscillation is about 4-5 m.


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VISIBILITY

The visibility varies a lot at the coast, ranging from a few cm to about 12 m.

It is easy to have a visibility of more than 20 m some miles away from the coast.


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LARGEST FISH

Basking shark

(Cetorhinus maximus)


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WAVES

The average height of waves is 1-2 m in summer and 2-3 m in winter. The height of the biggest wave registered was 26 m (03.11.08)


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TEMPERATURE

The water is about 11ºC in winter and 24ºC in summer. There is  3ºC difference between the eastern and western zones.


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DEPTH

The seabed descends to the abyssal plain which is of 4,700 deep in the Gulf of Biscay.


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BEST DIVING PERIOD

From May-June to October


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LARGEST INVERTEBRATE

Giand squid (Architeutix dux) A residing population is known in the fishing area of Carrandi(Asturias)

CANTABRIAN SEA

MARINE CHARACTERISTICS AND CURIOSITIES


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